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The Various Causes of Enlarged Prostate and Treatment Options

The exact causes of enlarged prostate are still unknown. There are many theories about the causes of enlarged prostate. Some authorities theorize that cell growth anomalies are the causes of enlarged prostate, while other attribute it to blood flow anomaly, which stimulate the cell growth. It is also suggested that hormonal influence contribute to the causes of enlarged prostate. The size of the prostate gland is normally the size of a walnut. When it is enlarged, the prostate gland will exert pressure on the urethra, which will cause problem with urination.

Whatever the causes of enlarged prostate, it is a common ailment afflicting men over forty. Men with condition will need to urine often which is both uncomfortable and inconvenient.

Non-urgent Causes of Enlarged Prostate

The medical term for enlarged prostate is called benign prostatic hypertrophy or benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). It is not a cancer, nor does it increase the risk for prostate cancer. Aging is one of the causes of enlarged prostate. Enlarged prostate does not always require immediate medical attention. Some men with enlarged prostate have less severe symptoms than men with small or normal-size prostate.

If you have an enlarged prostate, do go for regular check up. The doctor will normally recommend a change of habits to reduce the pressure on the prostate gland. Things that you can do for yourself are:

a. Drink at least eight glasses of water throughout the day to reduce probability of bladder infection.

b. Do not drink large amount of water at a go

c. Avoid drinking too much water in the late evening.

d. Avoid caffeine and alcohol, especially in the evening.

e. Do not hold back from urinating.

f. Do not consume over the counter medication, which contain decongestants or antihistamines.

g. Drink cranberry juice, which is beneficial in preventing infection.

h. Keep warm

i. Do regular pelvic strengthening exercises.

j. Avoid stress.

For more serious causes of enlarged prostate, the doctor will recommend medication such as Finasteride and Dutasteride, which reduces hormone production, Alpha 1-blockers used for controlling blood pressure are also effective in relieving symptoms of enlarged prostate. For enlarged prostate caused by infection, antibiotic will be necessary. For other causes of enlarged prostate, surgery may be necessary.

Although the causes of enlarged prostate are well understood, the condition is easily treated in most cases. Patients should heel the advice of the doctor and go for regular check up. As there are many causes of enlarged prostate, it is best to consult your doctor for your specific condition.

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